Has damaged hair become a reality? Does the word split ends, dry hairs, frizz or breakage strikes a chord with you? If you hair looks dull or feel dry and rough to touch, then your hair is damaged and requires special care.
Damaged hair tends to becomes incredibly fragile and breaks often. Hence it’s essential to learn ho to repair it with right care routine. If you are game for restoring your strands, you have come to the right place. Here’s some of the most effective ways to take you towards getting a healthy hair.
But before we jump into getting beautiful hair, we need to know what are the types of Hair damage
Types of Hair Damage
|Types of Hair Damage||How to Treat Damaged Hair|
|Split Ends The hair ends are split into two or more heads, and the shaft feels rough to touch. It happens when the hair is stripped of its natural oils.||A temporary solution is to use nourishing and repairing serums to hydrate the damaged hair ends. Get regular trims every four weeks to get rid of the split ends.|
|Color Damage Hair colors may contain hydrogen peroxide (bleaching agent) and ammonia that open the hair cuticles and affect the hair structure.||Give regular breaks between color treatments.Use color-safe shampoos and conditioners. They are gentle on the hair and prevent color fading.Protect your hair from sun exposure.|
|Chemical Damage Treatments like perming, hair rebonding, permanent hair straightening can alter the internal structure of the hair. Excessive processing can leave the hair dry, porous, brittle, and fragile.||Consult a hairstylist to ensure if your hair type can sustain the treatment.Avoid multiple treatments in succession to prevent stressing the hair.Use specific hair care products, such as leave-in conditioners, to maintain and protect the hair.Deep conditioning is a must to keep the hair nourished and hydrated.|
|Heat Damage Using heat styling tools (curling or flat irons, blow dryer) can fry your hair as heat opens the cuticles.||Use heat tools sparingly.Always use a heat protectant or a thermal styler on your hair strands.Avoid high temperatures to minimize damage.Keep moving the styling tool. Do not hold on at one section for long.|
|Dull And Dry Hair Hair that lacks moisture has a dry and dull appearance as the cuticles are raised. Nutrient deficiencies and medical conditions can also cause lackluster hair that tends to get tangled easily.||Using the right hair care products for your hair type can keep it hydrated.Use nourishing hair masks, hydrating conditioners, detanglers, and serums to restore the moisture.Go for regular scalp massages with nutrient-rich oils like coconut oil to moisturize dry hair.Brush with a wide-toothed comb.Avoid alcohol-based products as they can dry your hair.|
|Thinning or Hair Loss Using harsh products, wrong hair care practices, malnutrition, and medical conditions, such as rapid weight loss or hormonal imbalance, may cause hair shedding and hair loss.||Consult a doctor to identify the underlying cause (if any). Do blood tests to diagnose any nutritional or hormonal deficiencies.Follow a well-balanced diet with essential nutrients and vitamins.Massage your hair with nourishing essential oils, such as rosemary and lavender, to restore the damage.Avoid tying your hair in tight buns or ponytails to prevent hair thinning and hair breakage.|
|Environmental Damage Extreme humidity and wind can cause flyaways and frizzy hair. Cold weather may cause static electricity and damage the cuticles and cause frizz.||Use a good anti-humidity spray or serum to tame the flyaways and fix frizzy hair. The silicones in anti-humidity hairsprays coat the hair strands and protect the hair cuticles, preventing frizz.|
What Causes Hair Damage?
- Inadequate diet
Ever heard the saying “you are what you eat? “ it’s absolutely true when it comes to hair ans skin health. Some nutrients promote hair growth and avoid damage caused to it. So, make sure you include enough iron, folic acid, and zinc in your diet. Adequate amount of antioxidants and protein can also help you in keeping your hair damage free
2. Too Much Stress
Stress and hair loss go hand in hand and are often linked together. Stress can also lead to hair breakage. Telogen effluvium is the name given to temporary hair loss that happens right after a stressful experience. It makes your hair follicles go dormant and makes the break off. Your old hair may fall out too. O, manage your stress levels through regular deep breathing, yoga and meditation to maintain healthy hair.
3. Hair styling tools
To get the best results from a flat iron, or your hairdryer, you might need high heat. However, when used too much or incorrectly, these tools can damage your cuticles. So, it is recommended to give your strands a break from all the styling told at least once a week to prevent them from heat damage
Also, while styling your hair, use a ceramic version of tools. These tools heat up evenly so that you don’t have to use them on the same sections of hair repeatedly. Never forget to use hair protection serums before styling, as these can minimum the damage to some extent.
4. Over Washing and Improper Drying
If you have oily skin, your scalp is also likely to produce excess oil (sebum). This might tempt you to wash your hair more often than you need to. While washing hair every second day is fine, you shouldn’t wash it every day. On the other side, dehydrated hair may only need weekly shampooing.
Gently massage your scalp while shampooing and apply conditioner smoothly from the ends. After a shower, do not rub hair vigorously with a towel. Rubbing motion damages your hair as hair is most vulnerable when it is wet. Instead of rubbing off your hair, blot it with a cotton t-shit. A hot oil massage just before washing your hair can also prevent it from excessive dryness.
5. Elastic Hair Ties
Elastic hair ties are a must-have to secure your hair from falling out on the face. These elastic hair ties are also very handy on bad hair days or when you are in a hurry. Using elastic hair ties can cause hair breakage. You can fix this by tying your hair a bit looser or by wearing your hair down once in a while, or opt for a breakage-preventing hair style. Also, make sure you use good quality hair ties, and not the rubber bands that damage your hair.
6. Improper Brushing And Combing
You might have heard that brushing or combing your hair 100 strokes a day makes your hair look good. But, this is just a myth. It is recommended to brush or comb the hair only when you are styling it. Also, make sure to use wide wooden tooth combs as it helps prevent breakage. You need to use a brush only when the hair is dry, and always opt for a brush with natural bristles.
7. Lack Of Hair Trims
Sometimes we avoid getting our hair trimmed to help them grow longer. But that’s not helpful. In fact, regular hair trims help in keeping your hair healthy and free of split ends. Hair trimming is similar to skin exfoliation in that regard. Just like exfoliation removes old cells to help new ones to develop, hair trimming gets rid of damaged, lifeless hair and promotes hair growth. So, see your stylist at least every eight weeks. This helps even when you want to grow your hair as trimming damaged ends prevents hair breakage.
How Do You Treat Damaged Hair?
- Wash your hair twice or thrice a week to keep it clean and free of dead skin cells, dirt, excess sebum, and dandruff.
- Use glycerin-based shampoos and conditioners.
- Go for deep conditioning treatments like a good hair mask once a week.
- Apply detanglers, serums, and leave-in conditioners. These products offer multiple benefits like oil control, imparting shine, and smoothing the hair. They also protect your hair from damage and tame frizz.
- Massage your scalp with moisturizing oils once a week. It boosts circulation, stimulates hair growth, and improves hair thickness.
- Get regular haircuts. This removes split ends and protects your hair from further damage.
- Avoid products that contain sulfates, parabens, alcohol, synthetic dyes, and fragrances.